In a nutshell, I am a political scientist by training and social scientist by disposition. I read a lot of fantasy books, enjoy Dungeons and Dragons and spend my research hours looking at the dark web, darknet markets, cybersecurity and cybercrime.

My work is inherently interdisciplinary, by which I mean I like to think about problems that 'real' political scientists rarely consider and collaborate with others who have skills and disciplinary knowledge that I lack.   

So far, this approach has worked out for me. I am always doing what I view to be interesting work and get to collaborate with great people from sociology, computer science, information systems, and other related disciplines.


Yet, we do live in a world where academic disciplines are fairly walled off from one another and institutional incentives tend to reward conformity. Luckily, my department at Virginia Tech is an exception, but still, ask me at tenure time if my approach was a good long term strategy or not... 


My research focuses on three distinct areas of inquiry:

  1. Measuring cybersecurity;

  2. The uses and abuses of the Dark Web;

  3. User behavioural adaptation to new security technologies.

I have published on each of these subjects in a number of top journals, such as New Media & Society, International Journal of Drug Policy, and Risk Analysis


My work is empirical, but with a firm eye to the importance of theory in the development of true understanding.   


  • Doctorate of Philosophy in International Affairs, Norman Paterson School of International Affairs, Carleton University, awarded May 2014.

  • Master of Arts in Political Science, Carleton University, awarded May 2009.

  • Bachelor of Arts (Honours) in Political Science, University of Calgary, awarded May 2007.